Coldstream Estate is run as a mixed
farm. Paddocks are rotated between pasture, fodder crop
and cereal crops.
The livestock enterprise consists of
3500 commercial Corriedale breeding ewes; 900 ewe
hoggets; and each year more than 3500 lambs are finished for
export. The sheep produce about 32,000
kilograms of wool each year varying from 25-30 micron,
which is sold mostly for apparel manufacture. Around
6000 sheep are wintered on the property; in summer this
climbs to over 10,000.
Each year two year old cattle are
purchased in the Autumn and finished in the Spring.
cropping enterprise involves mostly wheat and barley
sold to a wide range of uses. Some grass seeds are also
The farm has a combination of dryland
and irrigated pastures. The irrigation is separated into
spray irrigation and a borderdyke system which derives
its water from the Rangitata Diversion Race (RDR), a
district wide scheme opened in 1945 to irrigate 66,000ha
of farmland. The remainder of the property is dryland.
Conservation has always played an significant part at Coldstream. The deep rooted pastures
species combined with the cropping rotation that
involves pasture grazed by stock has been
the soil organic
matter for many years. Great care is taken with
cultivation of the lighter soils.
large variety of trees at Coldstream play an important
role for stock shelter and to provide
ecological biodiversity on the property. While a mixture
of both New Zealand natives and exotic trees are planted, Deodar Cedars, Eucalyptus and English Oaks
have proved to thrive under our conditions.
year a 350-tree oak wood was planted using mainly
English Oak interspersed with cherries and hawthorns,
which it is hoped will become a haven for wildlife. Some
of the stock shelter belts are on a mill-and-replace
timber rotation and some are permanent.